Generations are groups of people who were born during the same period, experienced the same historical events and received similar cultural influences. The Generation of Baby Boomersthe Generation X and the Generation I or Millennialare some of the most well-known.
For each generation, a start and end date is established that delimits the period to which it belongs. The years vary depending on the author, so these dates are indicative:
|Generation I or Millennial||1980-1994|
|Generation Z or Centennial||1995-2010|
Baby Boomer Generation
The name of this generation is associated with the increase in birth rates experienced after the end of the Second World War in some countries. This group includes people born after 1945, the year the conflict ended, and the 1960s, approximately.
They are the generation that experienced social and cultural transformations. This period opens with the signing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. There are other revolutionary and liberation movements, such as the Hippie movement and its protests against the Vietnam War.
People who belong to this generation are characterized by their high dedication to work and their persevering spirit.
It is the generation that is established between 1961 and 1979, a period during which events such as the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, the dissolution of The Beatles and the birth of Microsoft took place.
They are considered more independent than the previous generation, due to the possibility that both parents worked outside the home or were divorced.
This independence and their non-conformist nature caused them to devote more effort to their academic training. They are a better prepared group, compared to the Baby Boomers.
Generation I or Millennial
The Millennials are those born between 1980 and 1994. Events such as the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, the end of the Cold War or the Persian Gulf War took place in these years.
Animated series such as The Simpsons and Dragon Ball were created. The use of video games was becoming more and more extensive, giving rise to some as famous as Tetris or Pac-Man.
Those born in this generation are individuals already used to technology, mainly consoles and computers. They are more able to communicate with authority figures, such as parents or bosses. Their education is based on respect and tolerance, they defend cultural diversity, teamwork and respect for the environment.
Generation Z or Centennial
It begins in 1995 and lasts until 2010. Some of the most relevant events of the time are the attacks of September 11, 2001 in New York, the introduction of the euro in the countries of the Eurozone and the Conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI.
People who belong to this generation have grown up in a technological world, which is why mobile devices and the Internet are part of their everyday life. They are aware of the need to have a good academic record, even though the moment is marked by job insecurity. Concerned about climate change, they have more ecological sensitivity.
It is set as the start year in 2011, although it has not yet been defined when it ends. Some notable events of this period are the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union, the intensification of climate change and the last tail blows of the economic crisis of 2008.
Those born in this time frame are still too young to be able to define their profile. They are in the midst of the digital age, the age of information and immediacy. It will be this same immediacy that will generate them to be more consumerist than previous generations. They are also likely to be more engaged in matters of social equality and ecological culture.
Located between 1883 and 1900, a period in which there were great scientific advances such as the discovery of X-rays. Upon reaching adulthood, those born in this generation were witnesses and combatants of the First World War.
The general feeling of bewilderment that prevailed at that time motivated the name of the generation.
Defined between 1901 and 1927, a period marked by the First World War, by catastrophes such as the earthquake that struck San Francisco in 1906 or the sinking of the Titanic in 1912. During the decade of the 1920s there was a reestablishment of the economy that it granted prosperity to certain countries, such as the United States.
Those who belong to this group lived a youth marked by economic changes and the rise of nationalisms in Europe. For this reason, this generation that lived through the period between the two wars is considered the most resistant of all.
Born between 1928 and 1945, a turbulent period marked by the Crash of 1929 and the Second World War. Both facts pushed the members of this generation to lead a sober life without excesses.
The main traits of this group are austerity, conformity and submission, which is why they are called the silent generation.
- Strauss, William; Howe, Neil (1991). Harper, ed. Generations: the history of America’s future, 1584 to 2069 [Generaciones: la historia del futuro de Estados Unidos, 1584 a 2069].