Next Friday, March 3, is World Hearing Day, a perfect day to raise public awareness of the importance of this sense and to prevent hearing problems, which can lead to hearing loss and even , deafness
More than 5% of the world’s population suffers from disabling hearing loss, around 432 million adults and 34 million children. It is estimated that by 2050 one in ten inhabitants of the planet will have hearing loss. In addition, approximately one-third of people over 65 feel unwell, which contributes to their social isolation and cognitive decline.
Dr. Rober Valdés, head of the Otorhinolaryngology Service at the Ribera Povisa hospital, explains that there are different types of hearing loss depending on its origin (external, middle, internal or mixed ear); type (transmission, perception, mixed, central), cause (congenital and acquired); and degree (mild, moderate, severe and profound).
How to prevent hearing problems
It is estimated that half of all cases of hearing loss can be prevented with public health measures. Dr. Valdés also assures that in children under the age of 15, 60% of cases are attributable to preventable causes. “Early detection and intervention are essential to minimize the effects of hearing loss in the population,” he explains, and for this reason he recommends neonatal screenings, pre-school and school checks and professional hearing checks.
Bringing it to our daily lives, the professionals of the Ribera healthcare group give us some general guidelines to help us take care of the health of our ears:
- Do not abuse the use of headphones
- Be careful with the volume of your headphones, TV and radio
- Reduce any ambient sound to 30 decibels at night to get a good night’s sleep
- Do not insert objects into the ear. To clean this area do not use fingers, feathers, cotton buds, or branches.
- Go to regular check-ups, at least once a year, at hearing centers, especially if you perceive any hearing loss or have a family history
- Use specific hearing protectors in noisy environments, such as industry, motorcycle traffic, festive events and work with heavy machinery, among others.
- Do not bathe in contaminated water or where there are doubts about its quality. You could get an infection.
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