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The T of Trauma in the Alphabet of Psychology

The psychologist Sergio García Soriano offers a new letter to include in the Alphabet of Psychology, the T for Trauma

Alphabet of Psychology: the T for Trauma

EFE/EPA/Bartlomiej Zborowski POLAND OUT

A trauma is an anxious or catastrophic patient interpretation or narrative of an event or fact that happened.

The event may have happened from accidentally or unexpectedlyovercoming the person’s ability to handle this problem as well as their frames of reference by which the individual is guided to understand and manage the situations that surround him.

Although there are experiences that can be defined as high psychological or traumatic impact, for example, experiencing a robbery, witnessing a murder, the death of a loved one, a traffic accident, natural disasters, child neglect, rape , gender violence, infidelity, etc.. not all people react in the same way, they do not always feel these experiences generating “trauma” but it will be the filter, the patient’s interpretation that gives form and intensity to the” traumatic event”.

64% do not develop it.

A trauma is built in two stages

In addition, the “trauma” is built in two times. When “the traumatic event” happens and when this event is remembered, therefore the effects of the trauma will not always be immediate.

If the “trauma” has been very painful, the psychic apparatus can make a dissociation in order not to suffer, so that there will be a narrative not integrated in the person’s life until the circumstances occur that bring this story back into their life soulful

There can also be “cumulative trauma”, not all of them are due to a dramatic episode, but those people who for long periods of time are exposed to situations that are interpreted as unpleasant and cannot manage or accept them, existing a learned helplessness, that is to say that they think that no matter what they do, they will not be able to improve or reverse the complicated situation.

Can traumatic situations be prevented and/or treated?

The origin of depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, social isolation or dissociative disorders has to do with “trauma” and it has been shown that those people who had previous psychological problems or who are very inclined to avoid feelings, memories or situations that can dislike develop more.

For this reason, prevention would involve giving strategies to the whole population, but especially to them, so that they can develop healthy ways to understand their reality again and transform their mental frames of reference.

anxiety psychology
The psychologist Sergio García Soriano/Photo provided
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