Mental health is the state in which the human being understands the need to identify factors that allow him to have emotional, psychological and social well-being, and therefore it is necessary to take care of the same priority in any area that presents itself personal, family, academic or work.
At some point people have had to face situations that generate stress or anxiety such as managing their finances, emotional problems, discouragement, and pressure from different actors, issues that affect in one way or another, not just mental and physical health.
However, it is in the work environment where a deterioration in mental health is mostly generated. Today, people spend a large part of their adult lives working, and it is there that they face multiple factors that can affect their mental stability.
What can affect mental health at work
• Bad relationships
• Not feeling accompanied or supported
• Constant problems
• Not handling the regular conducts
• Not knowing the rights and duties as a worker
• Not knowing the company where you work
• Not having knowledge of the functions he has to do
• Not having motivation or satisfaction with what is being done.
How can a disease caused by work stress be evidenced
The emotional is inherently linked to the physical, and when there are symptoms of stress or anxiety it can be evident:
- at level emotional it can manifest through anger, rage, sadness and helplessness.
- at level behavioral usually there is procrastination, consumption of energizing or psychoactive substances, discouragement, constant conflicts with work colleagues and general discomfort before everything (apathy).
- at level physiological sleep and feeding problems, acne, muscle and stomach pains, tachycardia, hyperventilation, claustrophobia begin to exist.
The importance of good mental health at work
The factors that affect mental stability are like a chain, one thing can affect another, for example, a family problem can affect the work issue or vice versa. Learning to identify these situations in order to handle and solve these problems is just as important as learning to manage interpersonal relationships, have coping strategies or manage emotions.
What can be done to have good mental health at work?
According to the WHO, close to 60% of the world’s population works, and it is a fundamental right for workers to have a healthy and safe working environment, since it is proven that a decent job generates well-being and good mental health, apart from it provides a means of living, a purpose, the opportunity to create social bonds and establish structured routines.
Taking care of mental health is a subjective matter, as what works for one person does not for another, but there are tools that help create healthy and productive environments:
- Identify what are the triggers that generate stress at work: this way it is easier to know what is bothering him.
- Bond with co-workers: This creates a sense of satisfaction that helps prevent the onset of mental illnesses such as anxiety and stress.
- Stay physically active: take active breaks at work, no need for high performance sports or exercise, just go for a walk and stretch.
- Listen to your body: If you feel discouraged or unmotivated when going about tasks at work, if you feel apathetic or without energy, take a break and assess whether you need to make changes.
- Avoid overlapping work on personal: as much as you enjoy your work, change the routine and do activities that stimulate it such as meeting friends or family, going to the cinema, cooking or others.
- Get regular medical checkups.
- Acknowledge your feelings and express your emotions: When you feel anxious, stressed or anxious that a situation is not going the way you expected, find someone you trust and talk to them.
- Seek professional help when you need it: don’t feel bad if fatigue and work overload mean things don’t go as planned
This article had the advice of Camila Ledesma Herrera, psychologist of the Psychology service for collaborators of the Shaio Clinic.
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