Importance of diet in a healthy diet I Shaio

It is necessary to start from the idea that to have a good diet, is to have a balanced diet that meets certain requirements, it must be appropriate in relation to aspects such as the person’s age, physical condition and clinical condition, enough because it covers all the needs and balanced and complete because it fulfills all the nutritional requirements through the contribution of all the food groups.

Diets arise from the need that people have to improve their state of health, physical condition or physical appearance; that is why doctors, nutritionists, health specialists or recently the fashion influencer, have taken an interest in the subject.

Some are good because they have a scientific basis and obey controlled epidemiological studies with good results to generate recommendations, diets like intermittent fasting, ketogenic diets or plant-based food are good, but it has been clinically shown that in the long run they may not have the expected results.

It is recommended that the basis of a healthy and formal diet lies in:

  • Eat fruits, vegetables and vegetables

  • Eat more whole grains and legumes

  • Choose poultry and fish

  • Avoid excessive consumption of salt and sugar

  • Avoid saturated fat

  • Perform physical exercise every day

  • Stay at the ideal weight

On the other hand, there are diets that simply comply with a method (by this we refer to the fact that aids and adjustments are added in the diet that gives short-term results), or it is what is called as fad diet; the problem with these diets is that when they are followed up they come to show that the long-term results are not so good and that they can generate much more severe health problems.

A very fashionable diet these days is the ketogenic or keto which has as its main characteristic the exchange of carbohydrates for fats. This keto diet was based on a type of diet designed for children with certain specific disorders; that is why this diet can end in metabolic complications.

Another diet is the intermittent fasting, which as we said above is based on scientific studies, and starts from the idea that the body must be in a state of ketosis, which is when the metabolism is without food for many hours, and resorts to absorbing stored fats; but to reach this state special conditions are required, in other words fasting is eating specific foods that allow the consumption of the body’s reserves, and not stopping eating.

The thing about these diets is that they are designed for people in apparent good health who just want to lose weight. But when it comes to people with some health condition, things change, because instead of having a better state of health, they can end up having all kinds of complications.

There are thousands of diets with different methods, high or low protein, remove or increase carbohydrates, high in vegetables, detoxifiers, etc., which can lead to short-term weight loss but at the same time can lead to medical complications, discouragement, failures and unhealthy obsessions in order to achieve the expected results.

On the other hand, what the evolution of nutrition has historically shown is that following an adequate diet or rather a healthy diet accompanied by good habits such as exercise, stress management, sleep hygiene; they have better results, with more long-term effectiveness and zero health complications.

There is a lot of research on nutrition issues due to the changes that constantly arise, there are studies that corroborate that X or Y food, one method or another, complementary therapies and even lifestyle, can result in better health.

The important thing to highlight is that it is not recommended to do any method or diet, what can be done is to eat healthy to lose weight or have a good state of health, and above all that it is carried out consciously and responsible, where the food plan is directed by a nutritionist, exercise and sport, manage stress, have good sleep hygiene, do not smoke or drink alcohol in excess.

This article had the advice of Nancy Arias, nutritionist from the Nutrition and Metabolic Support service of the Shaio Clinic.

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