How to act before an anxiety crisis? And Shaio

Feeling anxious is a normal reaction of the body to stressful situations or when there are feelings of fear, dread or restlessness in the face of changes that it is not used to. However, if this reaction is a recurring, sudden state and affects your daily life, you could be talking about anxiety as a medical disorder.

This is because everyday situations change, making the resources available to cope adapt depending on the moment; besides there are situations of vulnerability that generate these states of anxiety, and range from psychological, cognitive and behavioral, going through this biological and genetic to the context, the environment and the environment in which we live

This begins to have more relevance and to be identified as one real anxiety disorder, when there is a series of symptoms that are often related to excessive worry or extreme anticipation; which causes the entire nervous system to activate, and generate physiological responses to something dangerous that is or is not happening in the environment.

Difference between anxiety disorder, panic attack and anxiety crisis

  • It is called anxiety disorder when anxiety worsens over time or does not go away, greatly affecting the person’s life and even their physical integrity.

  • The panic attack it is when the person has catastrophic feelings and thoughts or extreme fear, for example, that the person is always thinking that he is “going to die”.

  • Unlike the previous one, at anxiety crisis you may have negative feelings and thoughts or fears, but not necessarily catastrophic thoughts.

In any case, fear is adaptive, so anyone can have it in different circumstances, this is important to highlight, because psychologically fear is what guarantees survival. The issue is complicated when the thoughts become repetitive and the person’s physical integrity begins to be compromised.

What symptoms can you experience when you have anxiety?

Some of the most common signs that you feel when there is a anxiety attack are:

  • Rapid breathing or hyperventilation

  • Increased heart rate

  • sweating

  • Tremors or agitation

  • Involuntary movements

  • Concentration and memory problems

When the person already has anxiety diagnosed as clinical disorder you may experience:

  • Feeling of imminent fear, danger or panic

  • Nervousness, agitation or tension

  • Feeling weak or tired

  • Trouble falling asleep

  • Gastrointestinal (GI) problems

  • Having difficulty controlling worries

  • Avoid situations that generate anxiety

Some types of anxiety

When talking about anxiety, there are multiple forms of representation such as disorders or phobias such as:

  • The generalized anxiety or excessive preoccupation with activities or events.

  • The panic disorder which involves sudden episodes of extreme anxiety.

  • The agoraphobia or fear of places or situations that cause him to panic.

  • The hypochondria or illness anxiety disorder.

  • Anxiety disorder for separation

  • Social phobia or social anxietyl which is related to the rejection of social situations.

  • the specific phobias such as the fear of flying, heights, insects, water, etc.

  • The abstinence or substance anxiety caused by misuse or excessive use of drugs or alcohol.

What to do when you have anxiety?

It’s important to learn how to handle life’s awkward moments and have tools like social skills, support networks, prior learning, past experiences, and life history that help identify if you’re okay with it. Keep these points in mind to learn how to deal with a moment of anxiety:

  • To know yourself, you need to know the situations that affect you.

  • Recognize what you are feeling (fear, stress, etc.).

  • Identify if the situations you are experiencing are uncomfortable enough.

  • Learn to breathe and meditate.

  • Carry out physical activity and have good nutrition.

  • Have a family circle to lean on.

  • Seek mental health help if needed.

What to do when someone close to you has anxiety?

Having a good support network, whether family or social, will always be a protective factor for people who suffer from anxiety, so it is important that family or friends understand what this disease consists of:

  • Get informed, research and educate yourself about anxiety issues.

  • When a person has anxiety they do mirror behaviors such as modulating their breathing and making slow and leisurely movements.

  • Redirect your attention, try to start conversations that help you change your thoughts.

  • Normalize and validate what the person with anxiety is feeling.

  • Offer support when the episode is happening.

  • If necessary give him space.

  • Don’t feel guilty or helpless about the person who has anxiety.

  • Not knowing what to do is okay too, ask how you can help.

Concerns about change are normal and anxiety should not be stigmatized or seen as a symptom of insanity, just as there is physical health where the body gets sick, diagnoses, deals with or lives with the disease, mental health needs to be treated – it in the same way, even if it is more difficult to assimilate.

This article had the advice of the psychologist Ángela Romero, coordinator of the Psychology service at the Shaio Clinic.

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