the homonymous words are those that are written or pronounced the same, even if their meanings are different.
For example: stock market, it can refer to a type of bag or the economic institution.
the homophone words they are a type of homonymous words, since they are pronounced the same, even if their spelling and meanings differ.
For example: leafing means turning the pages of a book and leafing means looking.
the homograph words are those that are written the same way, but the meaning is different.
An example would be: salsa as a musical style or salsa as a gastronomic accompaniment.
What are homonymous words?
Homonymous words are those which, even if they have a similar form (writing) or pronunciation, do not mean the same thing.
Homonym comes from the Greek and is a word composed of terms ὁμος (men), meaning equal, similar, or similar, i ὂνομα (onoma), which means name. Therefore, homonym refers to names or words that are the same.
In this sense, homonymous words are classified into two types:
Homographous homonyms: they are written the same, but have different meanings.
Homophone homonyms: they are pronounced the same, but have different meanings.
What are homograph words?
Homographs are words that, written the same way, have a different meaning.
Homograph is a word of Greek origin that is made up of two terms: ὁμος (homs), meaning common or equal, and γραφή (graphḗ), writing. That’s why its meaning would be “same writing”.
Examples of homograph words
- bank: furniture for sitting
- bank: public or private institution for the administration of monetary resources.
- candle: combustible object used to generate artificial light.
- candle: part of a boat
- Capital: main city of a country or province.
- Capital: tangible assets of a person or a company.
- Lima: proper name of the capital of Peru.
- Lima: type of citrus fruit.
- Lima: object to reduce or wear surfaces.
What are homophone words?
Homophones are words that are pronounced the same, although their spelling and meanings are different.
Homophone is a word of Greek origin that is made up of two terms: ὁμος (men), meaning common or equal, i voice (phōnḗ), sound. That’s why its meaning would be “equal sounds”.
Examples of homophone words
- advice: suggestion or warning.
- advice: institution of local power.
- none: preposition
- asia: proper name of a continent.
- baron: noble title.
- man: person of male sex and gender.
- beautiful: person or thing with beauty.
- hair: hair
See also Difference between hiatus and diphthong.