Don’t forget your kidneys: pathologies, symptoms and cures

We can’t forget about our kidneys, we have them in the middle of our back, just under our ribs, and they are the size of our fists, but most importantly they play a fundamental role in the balance of the body , because they are responsible for purifying and filtering the blood and rejecting, through the urine, toxic substances

Don't forget your kidneys: pathologies, symptoms and cures


Poster for the Clean Kidneys Objective/ALCER campaign

Those in charge of carrying out this work of filtration are called nephrons. Inside each kidney we have a million. Well, most kidney diseases attack the aforementioned nephrons and cause different and serious pathologies.

Alberto García Iglesias, nurse specialist in dialysis and master’s degree at the International University of Valencia, explains what pathologies can arise, what the symptoms are, and most importantly, how to take care of the kidneys.

Kidneys: most frequent pathologies

Diseases that temporarily or chronically affect the proper functioning of the kidneys are known as nephropathies. The most common are the following:

Chronic kidney disease: it is the disorder of the kidneys caused by different diseases that make the kidneys unable to filter the blood properly.

Kidney cancer: kidney cells mutate and become cancerous, preventing them from performing their functions properly.

Acute renal failure: pathology that causes the kidneys to lose their purification capacity.

Kidney stones: this disease is commonly known as kidney stones and produces hard deposits of minerals that form inside these organs and cause different complications.

Diabetic nephropathy: is a serious kidney disease caused by diabetes and makes the kidneys unable to perform their functions normally.

Glomerulonephritis: glomerulonephritis is a pathology characterized by inflammation of the glomeruli (units where the blood is filtered, acting as a strainer).

Renal trauma: it is the effect on the kidneys that occurs due to some violent pressure exerted on these organs.

Polycystic kidney disease: also known as polycystic kidney disease. It is a hereditary disorder and causes cysts in these organs that affect their functions.

Pyelonephritis: it is a kidney infection that starts in the bladder or urethra but can spread to the kidneys, reducing the performance of functions correctly.

Nephrotic syndrome: Damage to the blood vessels causes too much protein to be excreted in the urine.

Symptoms that should alert us

In particular, you must be alert to the appearance of the following symptoms:

Changes in the frequency of urination: increased urination during the night (nocturia) or increase/decrease in the amount of urine.

Changes in the appearance of urine: changes in color or smell.

Fluid retention: which is manifested by swelling in the legs, ankles, feet and eyelids mainly.

Increased tiredness or fatigue: respiratory difficulty.

Anemia

Itchy skin (pruritus): due to the accumulation of toxins in our skin.

Nausea / vomitingin addition to loss of appetite or weight

We also need to pay attention to our numbers blood pressure: Kidney problems also cause hypertension.

Kidneys: pathologies, symptoms and treatments

But what should we do to take care of our kidneys? exithave particularly beneficial foods and/or habits:

to seek sleep well: Chronic insomnia is linked to worse kidney health.

What happens to your heart affects your kidneys: therefore, it is important to exercise (avoid being sedentary), avoid tobacco and alcohol and keep cholesterol in check.

Maintain an appropriate weight: overweight or increased body mass “forces” our kidneys to “work” more since they need more effort to eliminate waste.

Avoid salt: rreducing salt consumption reduces many of the risk factors that affect kidney health, and it is necessary to avoid the consumption of ultra-processed foods due to their high salt and sodium content.

Stay hydrated: this will help the proper functioning of our kidneys. The filtering function is optimized and we prevent the appearance of deposits of mineral salts that can cause kidney stones.

Beware of drug abuse: The filtering function of the kidneys also influences the elimination of drugs.

Thus, long-term treatment of chronic pain with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can cause kidney damage. It is due consult the doctor the best method of pain relief and that, at the same time, are not harmful to our kidneys.

kidneys pathologies symptoms cures

Food: fresh fruit and vegetables are the foods that most favor the purifying function of the kidneys, since in addition to containing a significant amount of water, they are rich in potassium which increases urine production.

Specifically, the natural pineapple due to its high content of vitamin C, potassium and enzymes such as bromelain, it is a jewel for the kidneys because it helps, among other things, to fight infections and inflammations of the kidney.

Finally, nurse Alberto García Iglesias recommends the consumption of the least processed foods possible.

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