The new episode of the podcast “A gust amb la Terra” talks about coffee from a sustainable point of view: Know the types of coffee, benefits, tips for reusing them and ideas for recipes!
EFE/ Luis Eduardo Noriega
Coffee is, for most of us, our faithful daily companion. A traditional drink with unquestionable popularity and present in the vast majority of cultures. The question is… Do we consume coffee sustainably? Do we know the types of coffee? And the benefits?
Once again, by the hand of Noelia López, Nestlé nutritionist, we enter an apparently familiar world, to discover a little more. Currently, we give coffee the lead.
Type of coffee
Rich in flavours, aromas, textures… There is coffee for all tastes.
Noelia López mentions the existence of different varieties, although two types of grain are mainly distinguished:
- robust. Originally from West Africa, although it is also found in Southeast Asia. This grain grows in dry regions, so it is more intense and bitter, although less digestive. It also has almost twice as much caffeine. It has a slight taste of toasted dried fruit, notes of wood.
- arabic. Originally from Ethiopia, but we can find it in other countries such as Brazil. more resistant to climate, pests. Slightly more acidic, smooth and aromatic, with fruity and citrus notes)
The taste, aroma and acidity are different between them and this can make us like it more or less that we opt for the mixture of both. Of course, to choose the perfect coffee we must not only take into account the variety or origin, but other factors such as the degree of toastedthe a lot and the proportion that each variety contains are also of particular importance in this regard.
Coffee and caffeine
But one way or another, in most cases, we opt for coffee because of one of the components par excellence: caffeine.
“Caffeine is a chemical compound found naturally in coffee, tea or cocoa,” explains the Nestlé expert.
The nutritionist points out that, even if it is present in other foods, according to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), coffee is the most important source of caffeine for the average adult, hovering between the 40 and 94% of the total intake.
Although we already know that excessive coffee consumption is not advisable, especially in those who are particularly sensitive to its effects or in pregnant women, if we consume it within the recommended limits it can be very beneficial for:
- Avoid or prevent the fatigue or the dream.
- improve sports performancein some cases.
Of course, as we mentioned before, always from the point of view: the EFSA determines that daily caffeine consumption must be around 200 milligrams per day. Because we stick to the idea Noelia López facilitates a closer equivalence.
“Because let’s face it, in a 200 milliliter cup of filtered coffee, there are 90 milligrams of caffeine,” he says.
It’s not just about the caffeine
But caffeine is not the only component that deserves a mention in coffee. In addition, it also has polyphenolsa type of antioxidant that has been shown to play a crucial role in our health.
Sustainable coffee, sustainable consumption
Beyond its benefits and types, the way we consume it is actually what dictates whether or not we contribute sustainably to the betterment of our planet. In this sense, the Nestlé expert insists that choosing one organic coffee or recycling the capsules, if we consume it in this format, can make a big difference.
And the fact is that coffee growers, given the situation and climate change, are faced with a complicated situation, so if the consumer himself is concerned about the origin of the coffee and the sustainability of its production , we are already contributing in a big way.
In addition, organic coffee has properties that are valued very positively compared to what is not: it is a coffee that is less bitter, with a lower proportion of carbohydrates, richer in flavor, with larger beans… Therefore, sustainable coffee presents an additional independent attraction in the care of breadcrumbs.
In the case of consuming coffee in capsules, the nutritionist insists on recycling. If you choose those made of aluminum or 100% recycled plastic. So we can be sure that these materials will have or have had a second life. We must also consider recycling points or the online collection service, to ensure that our small contribution to sustainability does not go to waste.
Reusing coffee grounds is also a very good option if we are interested in a natural fertilizer. It’s a great membership and most importantly, it’s free.
Ideas for recipes
Coffee is not only taken as a drink. Not even close. Moreover, the presence of coffee in desserts is unquestionable. Nestlé’s expert offers different options:
- Tiramisu. This cold cake has its origins in Italy and even if the original recipe is not vegan, we can already find equivalents.
- Flam of coffee.
Either way, coffee will continue to be a part of our lives. But at least now we know a little more.
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