Both behavior and behavior are terms used to refer to actions or reactions that a subject has when interacting with the environment. A subject’s actions depend on both external stimuli and his own attitude. Both terms, then, are related to the interaction between a subject and a context.
However, it is common to associate the conduct to the actions that a living being has, following some inner motif, in the face of its context. That is, behavior involves a kind of guidance or posture on which acts are based when interacting with the environment.
In the case of behaviorthis is made up of the actions and reactions of living things in the face of stimuli.
It is any action or reaction of a living being to a stimulus in some context.
Just as behavior is an action or reaction to a context.
According to its etymology
From Latin conductuspast participle of drive youwhich means ‘the act of directing or guiding something or someone’ as well as ‘carrying with it’.
From Latin behavealong with the suffix –mentwhich means the ‘result of carrying or loading something in someone’s company’.
|Determination||The idea that there is a guide, guidance or pattern.||The idea that there is something that goes from one place to another.|
What is behavior?
The conduct is the act or react a subject to any stimulus in a context. Behavior is observable and manifests itself in the outside world.
The word conduct and behavior are interchangeable terms in the field of psychology, with subtle differences that vary by author or professional in use, but are not officially established.
In everyday life, behavior is associated with a way of acting according to certain patterns or orientations. This implies a kind of guidance or posture and that the actions carried out by the subjects, in interacting with the world, are premeditated.
Etymology of behavior
The word conduct comes from Latin drive youspecifically from the past participle conductuscomposed of the prefix con- meaning ‘in company of’, ‘together’, and of ductusthat means ‘guide’, ‘direct’, ‘command’. Thus, this word means “the act of guiding or directing.”
During the 15th and 17th centuries, the meaning of the word conduct was used to refer to the act of guiding someone, somewhere or through a path. Also, a little later, it would be used with the sense of directing, specifically in the field of music. In use, the conduct involved taking someone with them, guiding them somewhere (as “except conduct”).
This is how the word behavior is related to words such as lead, conductor, conduct, etc., which have this sense of guiding.
It was in the late 16th and early 18th centuries that it was used to describe a subject’s actions in the face of an environment as synonymous with behavior.
Thus, according to its etymology, behavior can be understood as a way of doing that follows some pattern, orientation or guide. In this way, behavior tends to be an action influenced by external elements. The way a living thing (or an object that interacts with a medium) behaves would be influenced by past events or experiences.
What is behavior?
Like behavior, the behavior is the set of responses and actions that a subject copes with the environmental conditions in which he finds himself. These responses are derived from the stimuli that a living being receives from the external or internal environment.
The word behavior is used as a synonym for behavior in different areas of knowledge, particularly in psychology.
Sometimes one of these terms is used to define the other, or with small differences depending on the author’s point of view.
Etymology of behavior
The word behavior comes from Latin, composed of the prefix con-, which means ‘in the company of’ or ‘together’; of wearwhich means’ to carry, and of the suffix -mentwhich means ‘average’ or ‘result’.
Thus, according to its etymology, behavior is the ‘result of carrying (loading something) with someone’s company ‘.
The formation of the word behavior, as can be seen, is related to the verb “behave”, which means ‘bear’, ‘tolerate’ or ‘endure’, as well as ‘bring together’ (with someone). That is, it is spoken of as the act of enduring suffering or some weight, which is carried within or shared.
It is important to note that the Latin word wear it can be translated as ‘carrying’, but with the meaning of ‘carrying’. In this case, its meaning can be seen in words such as aircraft carriers or clipboards, as they involve an object that “carries” (loads) something inside.
It was already at the end of the 16th century that this word would take on the meaning of acting or reacting in a certain way to a context.
Characteristics of behavior
Behavior or behavior basically refers to any action that is performed in the world. Here are some of the key features:
- It is observable.
- It is an action and / or reaction to external or internal stimuli.
- There may be an orientation or pattern that is followed.
- It is influenced by the genetic composition of an organism and by experience.
- It can be modified.
- It is possible to measure it.
Behavior is generally observable and is estimated to be related to the attitude that living things take (or motivate) them in the face of a pattern or orientation, causing them to act in a certain way. This takes into account an internal element of the subjects that controls their actions in the outside world.
That is, there may be a motivation behind an individual’s actions in front of one stimulus. This means that the behavior may be motivated by a purpose or goal.
Likewise, considering a subject’s internal motivations, behavior is also related to how a person copes with a context according to pre-established parameters.
For example, when we talk about actions that are accepted or should be followed in the classroom, we are talking about school behavior.
In this way, behavior acquires an active sense, in which the subject demonstrates in his behavior a way of being by interacting with the environment in which he finds himself, whether social or natural.
However, behavior is not only expressed in the observable actions performed by a living being or organism, but also through behavior or behavior. concealed (unobservable actions).
This covert behavior is only transmissible through deep observation made by another person or if the subject communicates it.
Behavior is influenced by genetic inheritance of the living being and the interaction that this has to do with the outside world and the inner changes. This means that even though it is inherited, it can be modified (for example, through learning).
Because behavior is observable and translates into specific actions of a subject, it is measurable (it can be quantified and studied).
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According to the American Psychological Association (APA), psychology is the study of the mind and behavior.
Behavior (or behavior) translates as the specific actions of a subject, and psychology can, through it, obtain objective data from these actions.
He behaviorism is a current within psychology that rejects introspection and encourages the observation of objective facts, as well as experimentation. In Spanish it is also known as behaviorismbehavioral psychology and behavioral psychology.
This current was introduced as such by the American psychologist John B. Watson (1878-1958) in the article Psychology as seen by the behaviorist (1913). Watson’s proposal was for psychology to be part of the natural sciences, with a methodology for observing, experimenting, predicting, and controlling behavior.
Before behaviorism, psychology was more concerned with the study of mental or psychic phenomena in people, as well as emotions. But it was not possible for psychologists to observe these phenomena, and the research was based on introspection. Thus, the analysis of behaviorism revolved around observable and verifiable facts, such as physical, motor, and verbal manifestations.
Although behaviorism gained momentum in the early twentieth century, it was also criticized by cognitive psychology for neglecting internal processes, specifically cognitive phenomena.
In addition, he was questioned because the observable phenomena in the behavior of a living being, in a social environment, are difficult to replicate in the laboratory.
Learning and its relationship to behavior or behavior
There are three ways in which behaviors or behaviors are acquired. These are classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning.
He classic conditioning occurs when one occurs association between two stimuli. This type of conditioning was originally studied by the Russian physiologist and psychologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936).
A well-known example of this type of conditioning occurs when a dog is taught to respond by associating a sound with the presence of food. It was precisely Pavlov who performed this experiment, conditioning a dog to respond to the stimulus (sound) with food.
He operating conditioning it is about learning by which a behavior is conditioned according to the consequences of the same. Studied by the American psychologist Burrhus Frederic Skinner (1904-1990), is based on the behavior that a subject will have, depending on the favorable or undesirable stimulus.
For example, a mouse is locked in a container, where there is a button, and perceives the smell of food. The mouse tries to get the food, but it is not possible to do so unless you press the button. When the mouse presses it, the food is accessible. The mouse then repeats the action, without taking any more time, as it now knows what to do. In this case, the mouse behavior has been conditioned by a positive stimulus.
He observational or observational learning is the one in which a subject learns by copying observed behaviors. It is not properly within the behavioral current, but it is influenced by it.
This type of learning, theorized by the Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura (1925-), deals with the alteration of a behavior in an individual caused by the behavior of a model (individual or group).
When a girl or boy copies the behavior of older people and mimics the actions they take, it is an example of observational learning. Likewise, when someone is taught how to repair a car, showing the steps needed to overhaul an engine, one is faced with this type of learning.
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