Difference between attitude and aptitude

The difference between attitude and fitness lies in the fact that attitude refers to temperament of a person in certain situations and fitness is talentthe ability or dexterity of something.

These two concepts are often confused because of their written similarity and because they are both important qualities for an optimal interrelationship with the environment, as well as being qualities valued at the organizational level.

Attitude Aptitude
Definition Default answer to reality. Specific talent or ability to perform a task.
  • Positive.
  • Negative.
  • Neutral.
  • Proactive.
  • Reactive.
  • Interested.
  • Altruistic.
  • Collaborator.
  • Passive.
  • Aggressive.
  • Assertive.
  • Emotional.
  • Rational.
  • Abstract.
  • Social.
  • Mechanics.
  • Artistic – plastic.
  • Spatial.
  • Viso-motor.
  • Verbal.
  • Numeric.
Examples In the workplace, a positive and proactive attitude is valued, so that workers can develop healthy, productive links, oriented towards the search for creative solutions. In a job search focused on programmers, applicants are expected to have abstract and numerical skills, depending on the job they will do.

What is the attitude?

In psychology, attitude is understood as the predisposition of a subject to respond to situations consistently and is therefore considered an important variable for predicting behaviors.

In other words, attitude can be considered a learned tendency or predisposition and of a cognitive and affective nature in the face of circumstances, people or objects that trigger a response of the subject.

Attitude is based on biological factors (the body’s primary response to a stimulus), emotional, and belief systems, and can be triggered by a specific or generalized stimulus. In addition, it can be reinforced in a positive or negative way, depending on the experience.

Type of attitude

There are five major types of attitudes, which in turn are subdivided into new categories:

Attitude according to affective valence

They are the attitudes of people according to the assessment they have of their environment.

  • Positive attitude: reality is interpreted in an optimistic way, so the behavior is aimed at achieving the goals in a healthy way.
  • Negative attitude: pessimistic interpretation of reality. It is impossible for the individual to see the positive aspects of reality.
  • Neutral attitude: is the attitude of those who want to project impartiality; however, it is not a common type of attitude.

Attitude according to activity orientation

These are the attitudes that develop when it comes to performing a task.

  • Proactive attitude: the person is able to generate solutions autonomously and creatively.
  • Reactive attitude: the person avoids solving a problem or task and tends to conform.

Attitude according to motivation

As its name suggests, it is the attitudes that are generated according to what motivates the individual.

  • Interested attitude: it is typical of people who seek to meet their needs, without considering the motivations and interests of others.
  • Altruistic attitude: the person acts for the benefit of the other, beyond their own interests.

Attitude based on the relationship with the other

These are attitudes that arise based on experiences, relationships and social ties.

  • Collaborative attitude: Stimulates the integration of the other or the group based on the achievement of a common goal.
  • Passive attitude: there is a lack of initiative, and even the person can set aside their interests to submit to what the group decides.
  • Aggressive attitude: the person can use physical, psychological or verbal violence to achieve their goals.
  • Assertive attitude: the own and other people’s interests are considered and the agreement is looked for.

Attitude based on the assessment of reality

These are certain attitudes according to the emotionality or rationality with which reality is perceived.

  • Emotional attitude: as its name suggests, the person perceives reality solely on the basis of emotions, leaving rational assessment in the background.
  • Rational attitude: reason and logic are taken into account to assess reality, ignoring or suppressing emotionality.

Attitude components

In the field of psychology, attitude is considered to have three essential components:

  • Cognitive component: for a subject to develop an attitude towards something or someone, he needs to have a cognitive representation about it. That is, he must have information about this object, as well as perceptions and beliefs about this object, in order to form his attitude. In this sense, it is not possible to have an attitude about the unknown.
  • Affective component: is the positive or negative feeling that develops towards the object, person or event on which an attitude is generated.
  • Behavioral component: is the consistent predisposition or response of the subject to the same object, person or event.

Attitude functions

Attitudes have four basic functions:

  • Attitude allows the person to approach the fulfillment of their goal, so it has an instrumental function.
  • Helps the individual process information from the environment.
  • Attitude helps to make visible the person’s beliefs and scale of values.
  • Attitude acts as a resource for reaffirming the subject’s self-esteem and justifying his actions.

What is fitness?

In psychology, fitness is the ability to achieve something. It can also be defined as the set of conditions or requirements that a person has to fulfill a specific function or goal.

For example, a communicator must have verbal skills, a programmer must have skills in logical analysis and problem solving, an illustrator must have artistic skills, and so on.

Type of fitness

Here are some general skills that a person can develop, according to psychology:

  • Abstract fitness: ability to understand complex concepts.
  • Social aptitude: refers to all skills that allow interrelationship with other people or groups of people according to the norm.
  • Mechanical fitness: ability to understand movement.
  • Artistic – plastic aptitude: understanding the use of shapes and colors.
  • Spatial fitness: understanding and proper use of space.
  • Vision-motor aptitude: coordination of eye and hand movements.
  • Verbal aptitude: Compression and proper use of words.
  • Numerical aptitude: understanding and executing operations with numbers.

Both attitude and aptitude can be natural or acquired. Natural attitudes are those that are part of the personality, while natural aptitudes are what we call talent, that is, an innate ease in doing something right.

On the other hand, acquired attitudes are those learned through the deconstruction of behavior to change the response to different situations. While the skills learned are those acquired with specific knowledge and their practical application.

See also:

Caterina Chen

Graduated in 2006 in Communication Sciences from the University of the Americas, with a postgraduate degree in Management Strategies and Control from the University of Chile in 2008.

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