Home » Health » Diabetes and the diabetic foot. How to detect this problem and why it occurs

Diabetes and the diabetic foot. How to detect this problem and why it occurs

This Monday we commemorated World Diabetes Day, a chronic disease that affects the way the body converts food into energy, that is, the amount of glucose in the blood. It is a pathology that, with a correct diagnosis, treatment and medical monitoring is usually controlled without any problems. However, it carries associated complications, such as diabetic foot, which is very important to prevent and detect in time. Today we will dedicate our health blog entry to explaining what diabetic foot is, how to detect this problem in time and why it occurs.

Carlos Perucha, podiatrist specialist in diabetic foot at the Torrejón University Hospital, managed by the Ribera health group, explains that, according to the World Health Organization, diabetic foot syndrome is “ulceration, infection and/or gangrene of the foot associated with diabetic neuropathy and varying degrees of peripheral vascular disease (PVD), resulting from the interaction of different factors induced by sustained hyperglycemia”.

First symptoms of diabetic foot

Perucha assures that “the most important thing is to have good metabolic control, that is to say, of the levels of glucose, cholesterol, etc.” and insists on the need to be aware of associated symptoms to detect the disease early. “The problem with diabetes is that it is a pathology that does not cause pain, but that gradually affects organs such as the kidneys, eyes, circulation and, of course, the feet,” he explains.

The first symptoms to which we must pay attention, in the case of suffering from diabetes, are:

  • Calf pain that forces us to stop walking. It can be a sign of peripheral vascular disease.
  • Signs like tingling, cramping, stuffy feeling in the feet. May be compatible with diabetic neuropathy.
  • Foot deformity
  • Blisters, rubs or small injuries that can get complicated in a matter of days.

Diabetic foot complication: amputation

The Torrejón University Hospital is one of the few public hospitals that has a podiatrist specializing in this pathology derived from diabetes, which affects 25% of patients who suffer from it. “If these ulcers are not treated correctly, the most frequent thing is that they become complicated and end in an amputation which, depending on the case, can be minor (affecting only the foot) or major, reaching the point of losing the leg”, explains Perucha, which provides some worrying data. “Spain has the highest amputation data in adult patients with diabetes, above other European countries such as France, Great Britain or Italy, as we have a higher amputation rate in adults with diabetes of 52 per 100,000 inhabitants”, he says.

14% of the population in Spain has diabetes, that is to say, around 6 million people, and both the incidence of type 2 diabetes, the most common (90-95% of cases), and type 1 diabetes , grows every year. It is estimated that 40% of people with diabetes are unaware of their condition.

DISCLAIMER: The purpose of this blog is to provide health information that is in no way a substitute for consultation with a physician. The Ribera health group is not responsible for the content, opinions and images that appear related to the blogs, but if it is informed that there is any inappropriate or illegal content, it will proceed to its elimination immediately.

The texts, articles and contents of this blog are subject to and protected by intellectual and industrial property rights, and the Ribera health group has the necessary permissions for the use of images, photographs, texts, designs, animations and other contents or elements that appear there. The access and use of this blog does not grant the visitor any kind of license or right of use or exploitation, so the use, reproduction, distribution, public communication, transformation or any other similar or analogous activity remains totally prohibited, unless there is express written authorization from the Ribera health group.

The Ribera health group reserves the right to temporarily or permanently withdraw or suspend, at any time and without the need for prior notice, access to the blog and/or its contents to those visitors, internet users or internet users who do not comply that established in this Notice, all this without prejudice to the exercise of the actions against them that are appropriate in accordance with the Law and the Right.

Related Content
What can go wrong with a stoma?

What can go wrong with a stoma? Peristomal skin pain Read more

Where are the intercostal muscles?

Where are the intercostal muscles? The intercostal muscles are located Read more

Do I have to wash the scallops before cooking?

Do I have to wash the scallops before cooking? Once Read more

What types of cells are there in the endocrine system?

What types of cells are there in the endocrine system? Read more

Leave a Comment