In the healthcare field, technological advances have revolutionized clinical practice, from prevention to diagnosis, benefiting both patients and the system. The Cronicitat Platform: Horizon 2025 (CH2025 Platform) offers a decalogue to improve the digitization of the health system.
Image provided by the CH2025 Platform
The arrival of the new technologies it has meant a paradigm shift in many sectors, including the health sector, where it has had a notable impact. Thus, the digitization of the health system has granted the introduction of multiple benefits.
The CH2025 platform seeks to maintain the quality and efficiency of health care, especially for chronic patients, and to promote a humanized and equitable digital health model.
Along these same lines, he has carried out the report “Reflection and recommendations of the Cronicitat Platform: Horizon 2025 in the field of Digital Health”, where he offers different suggestions and addresses the most relevant aspects of digitalisation.
“The new technologies are an opportunity to gain security in the care of our patients. In 2022, it doesn’t make sense not to have a digital history accessible in any corner of Spain that guarantees knowing the health problems of a citizen”, he explains Rafael Micó, vice president of SEMERGEN and head of the chronicity work group.
Ten recommendations on digital health
Experts suggest ten recommendations to improve the health system and contribute to the well-being of patients:
- contemplate the digital care and telemedicine as a complement to personal and personalized attention.
- Update the Strategy for Addressing Chronicity (EAC) to adapt it to the new reality and readjust the objectives and lines of action in accordance with the latest digital resources and tools.
- Bet for the interoperability of health informationboth geographically and functionally.
- Encourage the cooperation and exchange of information with the health circuits of a concerted and/or private nature.
- Create some homogeneous universal parameters or indicators for the measurement of health outcomes that support the analysis, evaluation and decision-making support in the field of health policy.
- Create a registration of the level of risk of citizens to facilitate the early detection and treatment of frailty with data obtained from digitization and the experience of healthcare professionals.
- To create training and dissemination programs of new solutions, models and digital tools for healthcare professionals and patients.
- Elaborate one good practice guide for professionals.
- Integrate and develop systems that allow healthcare professionals at all care levels to work more connected to promote the continuity of care.
- To include relevant actors and organizations within the coordination and evaluation bodies of the digital health strategy to guarantee active participation.
What modalities make up digital health?
The digital health it is composed of different processes and activities related to medicine that contain, in part or in full, digital and/or technological tools. It is formed by seven major modalities:
- telemedicine: consists of remote medical care practice.
- Automation of processes and services: contributes to a more efficient and effective process, with a smaller margin of error.
- mHealth (mobile health): mobile applications that participate in the improvement or control of the patient’s health.
- Wearables: these are electronic devices that monitor different health indicators of the individual.
- virtual reality: generates simulations of interventions to offer patients as much information as possible and thus reduce their insecurity.
- augmented reality: improves the rehabilitation process of patients and facilitates the work of healthcare personnel.
- Big data and artificial intelligence: they have a high potential to improve the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of diseases, as well as to improve prevention.
Benefits of digital health
For the patient
The digitization of the National Health System (SNS) allows patients to be more informed, having access to their data, treatments and diagnoses and increasing their participation in the approach and control of their own health.
In addition, with telemedicine it is not necessary to go to the medical center in person for each consultation.
On the other hand, through mHealth or wearables, the patient can monitor their indicators and their activity. In this way, you can track certain diseases and relevant treatments.
For the National Health System and healthcare professionals
The computerization of health gives professionals an increase in room for maneuver to act in the face of possible risk factors and trends with greater anticipation.
According to the report, the digitization of the health system has a positive impact on the hospitalization rate by increasing the reliability in the choice of treatment, which is why it is reduced by a 7% the time of hospital admission, one 48% the duplicity of diagnostic tests carried out and a 19% in hospital admissions of chronic patients.